Diabetes and Hypoglycemia Relation

What Is Meant By Hypoglycemia?

The term hypoglycemia refers to low sugar blood. It is due to abnormal level of glucose in blood. The literal meaning of this word is “low sugar blood”. The main reason behind this problem is insufficient supply of glucose to brain, resulting improper functioning. It treated by balancing the Glucose level to normal by the ingestion of the Dextrose (or) Carbohydrate. At the critical situation it can be controlled by injection of glucagon. Recently doctors introduced new scheme to prevent hypoglycemia at early stage by increasing the energy level of meal by adding some substances such as dialoxide and glucocorticoids.
Hypoglycemia may be different for different peoples. The normal healthy adult having glucose level of 4.0 mmol/L. But the hypoglycemia starts developing if the glucose level falls below 4.0 mmol/L.

Food for Hypoglycemia

Blood glucose can be raised immediately by in taking 10-20 grams of carbohydrate per minute. The carbohydrate can be either food or drinks. This amount of carbohydrate is contained in 3-4 ounces of (100-120m1) of many fruits like orange, apple and grapes. These fruits contain fructose which works like dextrose.

Diabetes mellitus

It is the one type of metabolic disorder in which the particular person high bloods sugar either because there is no sufficient Glucose in body. This high sugar blood creates the symptoms of frequently urination, increasing thirst and hunger.
It is classified into 3 types. They are:

  • Type 1: This is due to body cells failure to produce insulin And person needs insulin by artificial methods. This disorder is mainly called “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus”.
  • Type 2: This is due improper use of insulin by body cells. This problem is named as “non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus”.
  • Type 3: gestational diabetes It occurs mainly for pregnant women without having previous diagnosis of diabetes and develops high glucose level.

Medications:

Metformin and insulin food are highly recommended for curing both diabetes and hypoglycemia.